IJOVA Journals


Current Issue

From the IJOVA Editor, Ryan Schmiesing, Ph.D.
December, 2018

I’m pleased to share the December 2018 issue with readers and even more pleased that this is our third issue of the year! Over the past several years, the IJOVA Board has worked hard to reposition the journal and return to a more consistent publication schedule.  We are on that track this year and certainly hope to continue receiving manuscripts for consideration so that we may offer readers even more opportunities to engage in the future. We have three articles this month that represent a wide diversity in our profession.

Trauntvein, et. al. share with readers the idea of place attachment as it relates to volunteer involved in preserving the Appalachian Trail.  The authors explored relationships between volunteer motivations and level of involvement; volunteer satisfaction and level of involvement; and place attachment and level of involvement.
Young proposes a theoretical model for the impact of political behavior and political skill on the development of social capital, though resource dependency lens.  Readers are presented with discussion and models that explore political skill, political behavior, and social capital development of volunteers that ultimately seek to advance the organization and self.

Finally, O’Malley provides a thought provoking overview of the positive and negative impacts of “voluntourism” and its development over the years. The author shared with readers some potential suggestions for the future and introduces the concept of Fair Trade Standards and how they apply to this concept.

On behalf of the IJOVA Board, I’m pleased to share this issue with you and look forward to continuing to grow the journal in the year to come through your active readership and submission of potential manuscripts.

Vol. XXXIII, No. 3 (December, 2018)
Link to Full Issue

Individual Issues:
The Role of Place Attachment on Appalachian Trail Conservancy Volunteer Involvement
Nate Trauntvein, Ph.D., Samantha Powers, Amanda Royce, Elizabeth Metcalf
The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) is a non-profit organization established to preserve and manage the Appalachian Trail (AT). The ATC relies heavily on thousands of volunteers to maintain and care for the 2,180 miles of trail. In each of the 14 states that the AT runs through, trail crew volunteers are the primary caretakers. These volunteers do challenging, physical labor for eight to ten hour days, rain or shine. This study of ATC trail crew volunteers used the framework of Omoto and Snyder’s (2002) Volunteer Process Model (VPM) to explore the relationships between (1) volunteer motivations and level of involvement (2) volunteer satisfactions and level of involvement and (3) place attachment and level of involvement. Data were collected from active trail crew volunteers (N = 115) from 2010-2012. Results showed that several motivation and satisfaction functions were related to volunteers’ levels of involvement. Additionally, place attachment was directly related to continued service. These findings support management efforts aimed at improving overall volunteer programs and opportunities with the ATC, and imply that trail crew volunteers are generally motivated and satisfied by social reasons.
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Political Skill of Volunteer Board Members in the Nonprofit Milieu:? A Resource Dependency Perspective 
Sarah L. Young, PhD., M.B.A.
This paper proposes a theoretical model for the impact of political behavior and political skill on the development of social capital in the nonprofit setting, using a resource dependency lens. A systemic view of the effects of political skill analyzes the antecedents of political behavior, the resulting social capital development, and thus the expected advancement of organizational and self-resources. The public purpose and outcomes of nonprofits are incorporated to justify an additional antecedent to political will, extrinsic motivation. A moderating effect of political skill on political behavior and social capital expenditures is proposed. Finally, a feedback model employing a loop between outputs of social capital expenditures and political will antecedents is offered in the context of the nonprofit milieu. Potential practical implications are discussed, and a future research agenda is proposed.
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Impacts of “Voluntourism” and Future Fair Trade Practices?
Adam O'Malley
“Voluntourism” is the relatively new phenomena characterized by the act of volunteers traveling abroad, often times to a more developing nation, in order to participate in a volunteer program aimed at enacting positive socio-economic or environmental change while also engaging in more traditional tourist activities. A rising occurrence in the literature centered on voluntourism, especially within the United States, is concern with examining the benefits experienced by both the program participants and the indigenous populations in which they serve. However, there are often negative effects regarding typical voluntourism programs that have also been well documented. This article seeks to highlight the controversial nature of voluntourism, and hopes to provide practical suggestions for future Fair Trade Learning practices to help international volunteer administrators become more successful at maximizing the benefits of these worthwhile programs, while also minimizing the potential disadvantages.
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Vol. XXXIII, No. 2 (July, 2018)
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Individual Issues:
Pet Visitation:  A Study of Hospital Volunteer Motivations

Michael Campbell, Diane Scotland-Coogan, Ph.D., Lloyd Werk, MD, MPH
Volunteers have been a valuable resource in healthcare.  Effective recruitment and engagement of volunteers help drive the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's (IHI's) triple aims of improved patient experience, care and cost reductions.  IHI is a not-for-profit organization seeking to improve health and health care worldwide by partnering with "visionaries, leaders, and front-line practioners around the globe to spark bold, inventive ways to improve the health of individuals and populations" (IHI, 2018).  Volunteer recruitment and engagement requires understanding motivations for volunteers and matching that motivation with opportunities to give back.  This study explores the unique motivations for volunteers who bring in their certified dogs to visit children in a pediatric hospital system.  Data was collected to explore motivational trends in this volunteer's sample (n=26).  This study found that these volunteers, when compared with general hospital-based volunteers, are significantly more motivated by an altruistic drive to serve others as well as a sense of personal development and learning.  These powerful themes are developed and discussed along with recommendations for future efforts to nurture the growth of volunteerism in similar settings.
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Integrated Review of Volunteer Retention and Implications for Training
Kylie Lowenberg-DeBoer, Mesut Akdere, Ph.D., 
Nonprofit human service organizations rely heavily on volunteers, and the expenses incurred throught the volunteer training process amplifies the importance of retention.  A review of the literature on human service volunteer retention shows three key factors recurring around the globe and across fields of research:  motivation, satisfaction, and socialization.  This paper explores these factors and their interrelationships as well as implications for training program design.  The small number of studies focused specifically on retentrion as it relates to training illustrates a gap in the recent research and may be an appropriate avenue for future research.
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Confessions of Three (over) Achievers, Programming for Affiliation-Motivated Volunteers
Ken Culp, III, Ph.D.,  Harriett C. Edwards, Ed.D, Jenny W. Jordan
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Vol. XXXIII, No. I
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Modeling Volunteer Retention in Professional Membership Associations through Targeting Specific Motivations and Satisfying Certain Aspects of Volunteer Experience
Marina Saitgalina
Despite the abundance of the literature on volunteer motivation, satisfaction, retention, and the logical connection between the three concepts, the idea that certain types of motivation and satisfaction can sustain volunteer retention better than others has not been studied much. Furthermore, nonprofit research literature abounds with studies of charitable 501(c)(3) organizations, when far less is known about other kinds of nonprofits such as 501(c)(6) professional membership associations.
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Creating, Implementing, and Supporting a State-wide Volunteer Conflict Management System
Dan Teutebert, Lauren Scanga, Natalie Stott, Brian Brandt, Eric William Larsen, Melissa McElprang Cummins, Jana S. Ferris
Volunteers are essential in carrying out the mission of Washington State University Extension. Properly managed volunteer conflict in Extension programs can have a positive impact on the organization's image, the ability to achieve programmatic outcomes, recruitment and retention of volunteers, and ultimately fulfilling the mission of the organization. A comprehensive volunteer conflict management system was created and implemented across the 4-H Youth Development program at Washington State University.
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Befriending with Socially Isolated Immigrant Seniors: An Inquiry into its Contributions and Challenges
Behnam Behnia
Social isolation is a major risk factor for a host of physical and psychosocial health problems among older adults. The Befriending program is a community intervention used by service agencies to reduce social isolation among older adults. While there are several reports on the positive effect of these programs on the lives of older adults in general, there is no information on its use with the immigrant population.
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Past Issues

Volume XXXII (2016-2017)

Volume XXX (2013)

Volume XXIX (2012)

Volume XXVIII (2011)

Volume XXVII (2010) Volume XXVI (2009) Volume XXV (2008) Volume XXIV (2006-2007)
Previous issues of the journal are in paper format only and are currently being digitized.  They will be posted here at a later date.